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Andrew Pepper

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Enough is Definitely Enough - Middlesbrough

Pineapple Black, Middlesbrough, UK

The third and final stage in this curated exhibition where 61 contemporary artists have made new artworks in response to a postcard version of Velázquez’s masterpiece, Las Meninas for an exhibition which launched at General Practice in Lincoln during 2019. 

Enough is Definitely Enough features a huge variety of different artistic responses to the Spanish painter’s masterpiece - arguably the most widely interpreted of all paintings.

Andrew Pepper has produced an adapted postcard which removes the back of the large canvas (on the left of the painting) and replaces it with a reflection hologram which displays a space recorded in the past.

Las Meninas with reflection hologram and incised lines.
Andrew Pepper 2019

Art Historian Daniel Arasse reflected many people's view that everything, or perhaps even nothing, has been said about Las Meninas -"what's the difference, enough is definitely enough!". The artists in the exhibition build upon previous interpretations by renowned artists such as Pablo Picasso, Richard Hamilton, Francesco Goya and Eve Sussman. Artists have long been actively influenced by the centuries old painting by Velázquez; with their responses, in turn, offering influence back to Las Meninas to enable new readings. With the artworks made for Enough is Definitely Enough’ there is potential for new relationships with Velasquez's original painting to open up.

The exhibition is curated by Andrew Bracey and forms part of his PhD research at the University of Lincoln. He is exploring how contemporary artists have used and appropriated existing paintings by other artists, through a position of using the metaphor of the parasite and symbiosis in connection with painting.

Postcard detail

Artists participating:
Euripides Altintzoglou, Keith Aschcroft, Tristram Aver, Maggie Ayliffe, Sarah Bennett, Juan Bolivar, Andrew Bracey, Louise Bristow, Kate Buckley, Louisa Chambers, Fiona Curran, Gordon Dalton, Karen David, Pip Dickens, Annabel Dover, Jenny Eden, Leo Fitzmaurice, Brendan Fletcher, Sarah Gillman, Rebecca Fortnum, Rachel Goodyear, Simón Granell, Tom Hackney, Sharon Hall, Lesley Halliwell, Simon Harris, Josie Jenkins, Ilona Kiss, Geoff Diego Litherland, Alison Lloyd, Cathy Lomax, Rachel Lumsden, Danica Maier, David Manley, Enzo Marra, Robin Megannity, Andy Pepper, Yelena Popova, Magnus Quaife, James Quin, Daniel Rapley, Lucy Renton, John Rimmer, John M Robinson, David Ryan, Nick Simpson, Stephen Snoddy, Soheila Sokhanvari, Chez Tenneson, Annabel Tilley, Katie Tomlinson, Alun Williams, Gerard Williams.

More details: www.pineappleblack.co.uk


Exhibition dates:  24th September - 17th October 2020

Pineapple Black, Hillstreet Shopping Centre, Middlesbrough TSI ISU


Andrew Pepper works with projected light, holography and installation.  Based in the UK,  he has exhibited his work in group and solo exhibitions internationally and is a senior lecturer in fine art at Nottingham Trent University where he teaches into the BA (Hons) fine art course, the Master of Fine Art course and acts as a PhD examiner.


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